Sunday, July 21, 2024

Industrialized countries are responsible for carbon emissions

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Bangladesh is not much responsible for global climate change But this country is the most affected

Bangladesh is not much responsible for global climate change. But this country is the most affected.

Bangladesh and the poor people of this country are the victims of the development of economic prosperity of developed countries. To continue the trend of development, they are building industries on a large scale.

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It has increased the level of carbon emissions, as well as increased the use of CFC gas uncontrollably. In a word, the emission of CFC gas, carbon-dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and carbon monoxide gas has increased due to the eccentricity of industrialized countries. Due to the release of gas, the ozone layer known as the filter of the earth is becoming thinner and the surface is heating up. As a result of which global warming is increasing year by year. As the temperature rises in the summer, the temperature in the winter goes down to minus in some places. Cold countries are different. However, the cold country is not because of the minus, but with the increase in temperature, it is suffering greatly. As a result of which the sea level is increasing due to the melting of the glaciers, the South Asian countries are suffering severely due to the increase in the temperature of the sea water.

Also, according to the World Risk Report – 2018, 15 more countries in the world are at risk due to natural disasters.

As a result of global warming, in 2016, researchers have seen cracks in the glaciers of 965 square kilometers of Antarctica. According to a 2020 report, about 532 billion tons of ice has melted from Greenland in a year. In 2019, three kilometers of ice broke off in Greenland. There was 40 percent increase in water than normal. The situation there turned dire as the ice caps started to melt. The equivalent of six Olympic swimming pools is losing water to the sea every second. It has been seen that the amount of water is increasing by about 3 million tons every day. By monitoring the amount of melting of the Greenland ice sheet, Britain’s “University of Lincoln” said in a study, “Due to the melting of the Greenland ice sheet, the world’s sea level will rise by 10-12 centimeters by the year 2100.” ‘

On the other hand, a report published in ‘Nature Magazine’ revealed that the temperature of the Arctic Ocean has increased abnormally, which was also seen during the Ice Age. It should be noted that along with the increase in the temperature of the sea water, the height of the sea surface also increases. Over the past 40-100 years, Greenland’s temperature has increased by 10-12 degrees. Another sad fact is that in early February 2020, the temperature in the eastern part of the North Pole rose abnormally, the temperature there stopped above 20 degrees Celsius. On the other hand, the year 2023 will be remembered by the people of the world because of the abnormal increase in temperature. At current rates of greenhouse gas emissions, average temperatures will exceed 1.5 degrees by 2030. And only then will the world face a catastrophe.

Environmental scientists at the University of Georgia said that if the ice continues to melt like this, the sea level will rise faster. As a result, the low-lying areas of the world will be flooded extensively. That list also includes the name of our beloved Bangladesh.

As a result of global warming and cold currents, some kind of disaster is happening every day in different parts of the world. It can be various disasters including temperature rise, drought, flood, cyclone, tornado, earthquake and river erosion. Among them, the increase in temperature is causing the most damage to the earth. As a result, Bangladesh is affected by drought, floods, cyclones, tidal waves, river erosion, salinity. The proof of which we have found several times. Bangladesh and West Bengal suffered severe calamities in Sidor, Aila, Bulbul, Amphan and Yas floods. However, although Yas hit West Bengal terribly, Bangladesh was somewhat spared in that journey due to a slight change in direction. However, we have come to know of a lot of damage due to flooding in the coastal areas. These natural disasters are occurring only as a result of global warming, the main cause of which is the emission of greenhouse gases. Scientists blame humans for greenhouse gas emissions. Because of which the global warming is continuing and the climate is changing. Which is known to us as climate crisis.

Despite awareness of the negative effects of climate change, developed countries have not taken much initiative to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Their efforts are limited to pen and paper only. The whole world is in a very vulnerable situation today due to the actions of the developed countries.

According to sources, the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has exceeded the limit of 350 ppm and reached a very dangerous concentration of 398.58 ppm, which can be said to be a serious threat to the existence of the earth.

The United Nations Convention on Climate Change and Limiting Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992. The United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was formed there. At that convention, efforts were made to persuade 150 countries to comply with this new provision. Protocols were announced to mandate mitigation of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions. Since then, member states have agreed to meet annually and continue to meet annually. But there is not much work going on. Some grants are being provided to poor countries like cutting the roots of trees and pouring water. However, due to greenhouse gas emissions, the sea level is gradually increasing. As a result, people have to be displaced due to salinity intrusion.

It is known that salinity has already increased in the coastal areas of Bangladesh and has seriously affected people’s lives and livelihood. Due to which a large population has to be forced to become homeless.

About 6 million Bangladeshis have already been displaced due to climate change, and most of them are now moving to cities. Environmental scientists estimate that 10 percent of coastal land will be submerged if the sea level rises by just 45 cm.

However, other researchers consider this opinion as unfounded. Because it is already known, areas that are at risk of drowning will be balanced by high levels of sediment coming into the sea. Some evidence has already been found. For example, a large amount of char has been raised in the southern part of the country, including the Hatia region. On the other hand, in 2005, the IPCC stated that by the year 2050, if the sea level rises by 1 meter, 21 percent of the coastal area of ​​Bangladesh will be submerged in saline water. As a result of various arguments and debates, the latest we know is that Bangladesh will face a catastrophe due to sea level rise, which is an established fact. And for this catastrophe, only the eccentricities of the industrialized countries are responsible. Industrialized countries are accelerating the melting of glaciers by increasing global warming by emitting more greenhouse gases. As a result, some other countries of South Asia including Bangladesh are heading towards disaster. Bangladesh is facing the most disaster among them. We are doubtful whether there will be any way out of that disaster. If the conscience of the world is awakened, then maybe we will get out of this catastrophe. So we appeal to the conscience of the world, act quickly to save time; Help affected countries including Bangladesh win the climate war by reducing carbon emissions to zero.

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